In this edition, read about the Senate parliamentarian’s rejection of inclusion of immigration language in $3.5 trillion bill, a district court vacating the H-1B lottery wage-based final rule, the State Department announcing a tiered triage of immigrant visa applications at U.S. Embassies and Consulates, and more.
Senate Parliamentarian Rejects Inclusion of Immigration Language in $3.5 Trillion Bill
In a blow to Democrats, President Biden, and immigration advocates, Senate parliamentarian Elizabeth MacDonough ruled on September 19, 2021, that immigration language cannot be included in the $3.5 trillion filibuster-proof budget reconciliation bill. She said, “The policy changes of this proposal far outweigh the budgetary impact.”
The rejected language would have allowed eligible persons to pay a fee to be exempted from numerical limits when adjusting status to permanent residence, among other provisions. The immigration provisions are expected to have a dim chance of passing separately in the Senate.
Details: Senate Parliamentarian Says $3.5 Trillion Bill Can’t Include Citizenship Path for Immigrants,” Associated Press, Sept. 19, 2021, https://on.mktw.net/3hOsawG
District Court Vacates H-1B Lottery Wage-Based Final Rule
A U.S. district court judge vacated a final rule, “Strengthening Wage Protections for the Temporary and Permanent Employment of Certain Aliens in the United States,” because Chad Wolf was not lawfully appointed as Acting Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security when the final rule was approved. The rule would have prioritized H-1B visa selection based on wages.
Details: Chamber of Commerce v. DHS, Sept. 15, 2021, https://www.courthousenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/H1B-visa-ruling.pdf
State Dept. Announces Tiered Triage of Immigrant Visa Applications at U.S. Embassies and Consulates
The Department of State (DOS) announced that U.S. embassies and consulates are using a tiered approach to triage immigrant visa applications based on the category of immigrant visa as they resume and expand processing. Consular sections, where possible, are scheduling some appointments within all four priority tiers every month. The following are the main categories in priority order:
- Tier One: Immediate relative intercountry adoption visas, age-out cases (cases where the applicant will soon no longer qualify due to age), certain Special Immigrant Visas (SQ and SI for Afghan and Iraqi nationals working with the U.S. government), and emergency cases as determined on a case-by-case basis
- Tier Two: Immediate relative visas; fiancé(e) visas; and returning resident visas
- Tier Three: Family preference immigrant visas and SE Special Immigrant Visas for certain employees of the U.S. government abroad
- Tier Four: All other immigrant visas, including employment preference and diversity visas [DOS noted that a U.S. District Court “has enjoined the Department of State from applying this prioritization guidance to DV-2021 selectees and their derivative beneficiaries”]
Details: DOS notice, Sept. 13, 2021, https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/News/visas-news/immigrant-visa-prioritization.html
State Dept. Expands Categories of International Students That Can Be Adjudicated Without In-Person Interviews
The Department of State (DOS) announced on September 14, 2021, that it has authorized consular officers through the end of 2021 to expand the categories of F, M, and “academic J visa applicants” (students, professors, research scholars, short-term scholars, and specialists) whose applications can be adjudicated without an in-person interview in their consular district of residence, with certain exceptions. DOS said:
Consular officers may, if they so choose, and pursuant to local conditions, now waive the visa interview requirement for F, M, and academic J visa applicants who were previously issued any type of visa, and who have never been refused a visa unless such refusal was overcome or waived, and who have no apparent ineligibility or potential ineligibility; or first-time F, M, and academic J visa applicants who are citizens or nationals of a country that participates in the Visa Waiver Program (VWP), provided they have no apparent ineligibility or potential ineligibility.
This applies only to non-U.S. citizens who are nationals of eligible countries, the agency said, noting that details about country eligibility and necessary procedures will be available on the website of the relevant embassy or consulate. Applicants from non-VWP countries “whose prior visa was issued when they were less than 14 years of age may need to submit biometric fingerprints, but can still be approved for an interview waiver.”
Students seeking to apply for a new F-1 or M-1 visa should check the status of visa services at the nearest embassy or consulate; those who are found to be otherwise qualified for an F-1 or M-1 visa will automatically be considered for an NIE to travel, DOS said. Students and academics traveling on J-1 visas must contact the nearest embassy or consulate prior to travel to receive an NIE. DOS encourages applicants to check the website of the relevant U.S. embassy or consulate to confirm the services currently offered and to find guidelines for applying for a visa without an interview.
Details: DOS announcement, Sept. 14, 2021, https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/News/visas-news/important-announcement-on-F-M-and-academic-J-Visas.html
Visa Bulletin for October Includes Outlook for Next Several Months
The Department of State’s Visa Bulletin for October 2021 includes information on potential movement in visa availability for the next several months:
China: Up to several months
India: Up to several months
Worldwide: A final action date could be imposed as early as November
China: A retrogression of this date could occur as early as November
India: A retrogression of this date could occur as early as November
Mexico: A final action date could be imposed as early as November
Philippines: A final action date could be imposed as early as November
Employment Fourth: Current for most countries
El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras: Limited, if any, movement expected
Mexico: Limited, if any, movement expected
Employment Fifth: Current for most countries
China: No forward movement
The bulletin also includes a reminder that if there is no legislative action, two employment categories will expire on September 30, 2021: non-minister special immigrant and I5 and R5 regional center visa categories.
Details: Visa Bulletin for October 2021, Dept. of State, https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/legal/visa-law0/visa-bulletin/2022/visa-bulletin-for-october-2021.html
Diversity Visa 2021 Update: State Dept Ordered to “Expeditiously Process” DV-2021 Applications by Sept. 30
On September 9, 2021, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia preliminarily enjoined the Department of State (DOS) from applying November 2020 prioritization policy guidance to diversity visa (DV) 2021 applicants and ordered DOS to undertake good-faith efforts to expeditiously process DV applications (including derivative beneficiaries) by September 30, 2021.
The court said the order “does not prevent any embassy personnel, consular officer, or administrative processing center from prioritizing the processing, adjudication, or issuance of visas based on resource constraints, limitations due to the COVID-19 pandemic, or country conditions.”
COVID-19 Vaccination Required for Immigration Medical Exams
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that effective October 1, 2021, applicants subject to the immigration medical examination must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 before the civil surgeon can complete the exam and sign Form I-693, Report of Medical Examination and Vaccination Record.
USCIS may grant blanket waivers if the COVID-19 vaccine is:
- Not age-appropriate;
- Contraindicated due to a medical condition;
- Not routinely available where the civil surgeon practices; or
- Limited in supply and would cause significant delay for the applicant to receive the vaccination.
Individuals may also apply for waivers based on religious beliefs or moral convictions.
Details: USCIS alert, Sept. 14, 2021, https://www.uscis.gov/news/alerts/covid-19-vaccination-required-for-immigration-medical-examinations