In this edition, find the latest news on pending Supreme Court cases, updates to the Exchange Visitor Program, expansion of USCIS’ myProgress and more!
Three Important Cases Pending Before U.S. Supreme Court
Three important cases are pending before the U.S. Supreme Court. According to observers, at stake are the legitimacy of the current U.S. immigration court system and the longstanding precedent decision, Chevron v. Natural Resources Defense Council, and its standard for deference to federal administrative agency decisions. The cases include:
- Securities and Exchange Commission v. Jarkesy, which involves two questions: (1) whether the SEC’s choice of enforcement proceedings violates the nondelegation doctrine, and (2) whether the for-cause removal of administrative law judges (ALJs) violates the U.S. Constitution. Both issues are important for immigration lawyers. For example, observers note, a ruling in favor of Mr. Jarkesy could result in a finding that immigration judges do not have the authority to adjudicate the cases they are assigned. Oral argument in Jarkesy was held on November 29, 2023.
- Relentless, Inc. v. Department of Commerce and Loper Bright Enterprises v. Raimondo, which include more expansive challenges to administrative law. Among other issues, the Supreme Court will consider whether to limit or overrule the Court’s 1984 precedent decision in Chevron v. Natural Resources Defense Council. Overruling Chevron would have an impact on federal court challenges to agency decisions from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the Department of Labor, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Oral argument in Relentless and Loper will be held in January.
- “Potential Game-Changer Cases for Immigration Law at SCOTUS,” thinkImmigration (Nov. 29, 2023).
DOS Proposes Updates to Au Pair Exchange Visitor Program
The Department of State (DOS) has issued a proposed rule to amend the Exchange Visitor Program regulations governing the au pair category to “clarify and modernize” the program. Among other things, the proposed rule would restructure the child care and educational components, replace the EduCare program with a part-time option, enhance au pair and host family orientation requirements, formalize standard operating procedures for rematching au pairs with new host families, and propose new requirements to strengthen au pair protections.
DOS said it encourages public comment on the proposed rule, particularly on restructuring the au pair program and calculating weekly compensation. DOS initially said it would accept public comments on the proposed rule until December 29, 2023, but then extended the deadline to January 28, 2024.
- DOS notice of proposed rulemaking, 88 Fed. Reg. 74071 (Oct. 30, 2023).
- DOS extension of comment period, 88 Fed. Reg. 83511 (Nov. 30, 2023).
USCIS Expands myProgress to Forms I-485 and I-821
On November 21, 2023, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that it is expanding myProgress (formerly known as personalized processing times) to Form I-821, Application for Temporary Protected Status, and Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status. myProgress will initially only be available for family-based or Afghan special immigrant I-485 applicants.
USCIS explained that myProgress “provides applicants with access, in their online account, to personalized estimates of their wait time for major milestones and actions on their case, including their final case decision. While estimates are based on case type and historical patterns, they are not a guarantee of timing, and cannot take into consideration all possible unique application processing factors.” Milestones include confirmation that the application was received, movement of the application through pre-processing and adjudicative steps, and the case decision.
In addition to Form I-485 and Form I-821, myProgress is available for applicants with a USCIS online account who file Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization; Form I-131, Application for Travel Document; Form N-400, Application for Naturalization; Form I-90, Application to Replace Permanent Resident Card; or Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative.
Applicants still need to visit the public Check Case Processing Times webpage to determine whether they are eligible to file an Outside of Normal Processing Times service request, USCIS noted.
- USCIS alert (Nov. 21, 2023).
CBP Will Temporarily Close Arizona Border Crossing
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) announced that beginning Monday, December 4, 2023, CBP’s Office of Field Operations will temporarily suspend operations in Lukeville, Arizona. Both northbound and southbound pedestrian and vehicle traffic at the Lukeville port of entry will be suspended until further notice. Travelers can cross into or out of the United States through either the Nogales Port of Entry in Nogales, Arizona, or the San Luis Port of Entry in San Luis, Arizona.
CBP said the temporary closure was in response to “increased levels of migrant encounters at the Southwest Border, fueled by smugglers peddling disinformation to prey on vulnerable individuals, CBP is surging all available resources to expeditiously and safely process migrants. CBP will continue to prioritize our border security mission as necessary in response to this evolving situation.”
Global Entry Program Expands to PortMiami Seaport
Starting December 1, 2023, PortMiami will be the first seaport to host a Global Entry Enrollment Center to assist the traveling public with completing new and renewal applications for the “trusted traveler” program.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers staffing PortMiami Global Entry Enrollment Center will help candidates complete their application processing and their conditionally approved, in-person interviews as the final step in the membership enrollment process. Global Entry includes TSA PreCheck eligibility, which expedites screening through Transportation Security Administration (TSA) checkpoints at participating airports. CBP Global Entry continues to expand to foreign partner countries.
- CBP media release (Nov. 24, 2023).
- CBP Global Entry enrollment page.
- CBP Trusted Traveler Programs page.
- TSA PreCheck page.